Today, sushi and tempura are both internationally famous and Japanese food has become popular all over the world. People around the world really are starting to appreciate the presentation techniques of Japanese food.
On the other hand, we do not hear much about Japanese sweets, “wagashi,” perhaps as it is difficult to enjoy traditional forms of Japanese confectionery such as moist or dry cakes outside Japan. Although the tea ceremony is well known, there are seemingly few opportunities to enjoy the confectioneries connected to and served in the ceremony. For this reason, I strongly recommend tourists to get involved and take up opportunities to join the tea ceremony or to sample sweets along with Japanese tea in good confectionery shops when in Japan. If you do, I am sure you will really enjoy seasonal wagashi during your stay.
The confectionery types used in the tea ceremonyThe confectionery types used in the tea ceremony can be classified under two banners – “omo-gashi” and “higashi.” “Omo-gashi” is a moist cake cooked by heating or steaming while “Higashi” is a drier and firmer cake consisting mainly of sugar; many types of “higashi” are shaped using various molds which does make them look very pretty and attractive but they still retain an air of subtle modesty. Japanese confectionery used in the tea ceremony such as “nerikiri” is of a lighter color as is tiny “higashi” and although they do not leave too strong an impression as they are bit players in the ceremony, they do have a role to play given that they are part and parcel of the theme all tea parties are supposed to maintain. To this end, they should not attract too much attention to their presence by way of either appearance or flavor.
What senses you may ask, do we need to enjoy “wagashi”? According to Mr. Soko Suzuki, a master of the tea ceremony, the confectionery used in the tea ceremony should be savored by all five senses; taste, touch, sight, smell and hearing – this latter one is included as we should enjoy hearing the names of the confectionery. Each cake is named after a seasonal plant, natural phenomenon or other such natural occurrence and it is truly amazing that we can obtain so many differing messages from just one tiny cake by using each of the five senses and a little imagination.